A neurologic disorder refers to any condition caused by a dysfunction in part of the brain or nervous system that leads to physical and psychological symptoms. All neurological disorders include the brain, nerves, and spinal column. Their symptoms depend on the location of the damage. They can impact areas that control communication, movement, hearing, vision, or thinking. A lot of neurological disorders develop during the early years of development and might be diagnosed at birth. The field of Neurology determines treatment options for neurological disorders depending on the cause.
Keep reading to learn about these disorders:
Causes of Neurological Disorders
The development of neurological disorders can be influenced by genetic factors. That is why some children may inherit the disorders from parents through genes and chromosomes, which are long DNA strands supported by protein in the human cell nuclei. Neurological disorders can happen at bight because of gene and chromosome abnormalities, as well as a change in chromosome number and structure, and metabolic disorders.
Other congenital causes include nutritional deficiencies, toxins and other environmental factors, infections, birth complications, interaction effects, postnatal infections, and immune disorders. Spinal cord injuries result from car accidents, sports accidents, or falls. These injuries can result in more serious neurological problems, depending on the extent. Also, tumors can develop in the brain or spinal cord that can be either benign or malignant. Neurological disorders can impact an entire neurological pathway or a single neuron. A single disturbance to the pathway can already lead to dysfunction.
Signs of Neurological Disorders
There are varying signs of neurological disorders depending on the kind of disorder and the specific body area being affected. Sometimes, a person may experience emotional symptoms while others may have physical symptoms. Emotional symptoms of neurological disorders include mood swings, depression, and delusions. Physical symptoms include partial or complete paralysis, difficulty reading and writing, muscle weakness, seizures, reduced alertness, unexplained pain, and others.
People must understand that while drug options for neurological problems are available. These options can help them better manage their condition, decrease symptoms, and improve their quality of life. The kind of medication used for treating a neurological disorder will depend on the patient’s condition. Potential options include corticosteroids for treating multiple sclerosis. This medication may help with reducing inflammation. Also, dopamine-affecting drugs may be prescribed to patients with Parkinson’s disease to help with tremors and rigidity. If medications are not enough to cure a neurological disorder, neurosurgery might be performed.